Publication Ethics

Submitted manuscripts that are found to include citations whose primary purpose is to increase the number of citations to a given author’s work, or two articles published in a particular journal, will incur citation manipulation sanctions.


Submitted manuscripts that are found to have either fabricated or falsified experimental results, including the manipulation of images, will incur data fabrication and falsification sanctions.

All listed authors must have made a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript and approved all its claims. It is important to list everyone who made a significant scientific contribution, including students and laboratory technicians.