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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines

Preliminary Quality Check

Manuscripts received will be checked for the scope and plagiarism. If the manuscript is either plagarised or published elsewhere will be rejected.

Manuscript submission

Authors are requested to submit manuscript through email

Format for Publication

Upon acceptance of the manuscript, please provide a final version (in .docx format) for copyediting purpose. Note that the final manuscript must be provided in Microsoft Word Document.

Kindly include Tables and figures along with their respective legends at the end of the manuscript. Figures should be of high resolution, the content of the figures and tables should be clear and legible.

The Manuscript should have the following sections according to the article type:


Authors name and affiliations (* corresponding author)


Key words


Materials and Method





Declaration of Interest

Funding details


Tables and figures

Manuscript Preparation

The first letter of each word in title should be upper case.

Include article title, author's names (complete names), affiliations, corresponding author's phone/fax number and/or email and full postal address.

Abstract should not contain citations to references.

Don’t include citations to references in the abstract and should not exceed 300 words

Make sure to provide 3-6 keywords.

The recommended structure of the introduction:

Background of the subject

What is known and unknown about it


Aim of the study

Materials and methods

Ethics approval/license:

The study involving animal or human investigations should abide by the ethical norms stated in the Declaration of Helsinki, and adopted in October 2000 by the World Medical Association. This document can be found at

The study should be approved by the appropriate ethical committee. Written informed consent of the population involved in the study or that the requirement for written informed consent was waived by the ethics committee.

Patient/Animal data: Data of animals or patient should be presented which includes Human – mean age (range), sex, weight, height, etc. Animals – strain, sex, weight. Should seek the necessary permission from the patients for the type of study being undertaken.

Inclusion/exclusion criteria

Data handling: Information of the clinical trials, research using animals - institutional approval, anesthesia methodology, Euthanasia process, etc should be explained.

Statistics: the statistical analysis used in the study should be explained in detail. The results obtained should be quantified and presented with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty.

Results: This section should include

Factual information

Should correlate with aim

Logical order

State significance

Negative findings

Discussion: This is a very important section of the paper as this gives the complete information of the paper. Therefore, this section should include:

Information on main findings: It should provide a concise overview of the study

How they fit in with previous studies: should relate directly to the statements made in the Introduction and qualify you finding in relation to the previous studies of the subject.

Difference between the present and previous studies: Author should explain the important difference between the present study in comparison with the previous studies.

What knowledge it adds to the subject: Author can summarize the previous sections by pulling together the implications of your main findings, studies by other workers and their combined contribution to our knowledge of the subject.

Limitations in the present study: Author should clearly state the limitation of the study leaving scope for further study.

Conclusion: Very important of the paper. This should include the information on the contribution of the information or knowledge from the present study to the field.

Acknowledgement: One may acknowledge the contribution of others or data providers or clinical investigators etc who do not qualify for authorship.

Declaration of Interest: Each manuscript must contain a declaration of interest from all authors. The corresponding author on behalf of all authors should confirm that there is no conflict of interest.

Funding Details: Complete information of the funding towards the work should be reported.

References: the format is stated in detail. The journal follows Vancover style.

Tables and Figures: Tables and Figures are the easy and important way of communicating the study. Therefore, the information of these should be clear and legible.

References Format

Standard journal article --- Arial 11.5

Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7.

List the first six authors, followed by et al. If there are more than six authors, list the first six authors, followed by et al. (Note: NLM now lists all authors.):

Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-6.

Addition of a clinical trial registration number:

Trachtenberg F, Maserejian NN, Soncini JA, Hayes C, Tavares M. Does fluoride in compomers prevent future caries in children? J Dent Res. 2009 Mar;88(3):276-9. PubMed PMID: 19329464. registration number: NCT00065988.

Organisation as Author

Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):679-86.

Both personal authors and organization as author (List all as they appear in the byline.)

Vallancien G, Emberton M, Harving N, van Moorselaar RJ; Alf-One Study Group. Sexual dysfunction in 1,274 European men suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms. J Urol. 2003;169(6):2257-61.

Article not in English

Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. Sykdomsangst blant medisin- og jusstudenter. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002;122(8):785-7. Norwegian.

Volume with supplement

Geraud G, Spierings EL, Keywood C. Tolerability and safety of frovatriptan with short- and long-term use for treatment of migraine and in comparison with sumatriptan. Headache. 2002;42 Suppl 2:S93-9.

Issue with supplement

Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice. Neurology. 2002;58(12 Suppl 7):S6-12.

Volume with part

Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from an epistemological viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal. 2002;83(Pt 2):491-5.

Issue with part

Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumors. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2002;13(9 Pt 1):923-8.

Issue with no volume

Banit DM, Kaufer H, Hartford JM. Intraoperative frozen section analysis in revision total joint arthroplasty. Clin Orthop. 2002;(401):230-8.

No volume or issue

Outreach: bringing HIV-positive individuals into care. HRSA Careaction. 2002 Jun:1-6.

Pagination in roman numerals

Chadwick R, Schuklenk U. The politics of ethical consensus finding. Bioethics. 2002;16(2):iii-v.

Type of article indicated as needed

Tor M, Turker H. International approaches to the prescription of long-term oxygen therapy [letter]. Eur Respir J. 2002;20(1):242.

Lofwall MR, Strain EC, Brooner RK, Kindbom KA, Bigelow GE. Characteristics of older methadone maintenance (MM) patients [abstract]. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2002;66 Suppl 1:S105.

Article containing retraction

Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. Safety and tolerability of a rapidly escalating dose-loading regimen for risperidone. J Clin Psychiatry. 2002;63(2):169. Retraction of: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. J Clin Psychiatry. 2000;61(12):909-11.

Article containing a partial retraction:

Starkman JS, Wolder CE, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. Voiding dysfunction after removal of eroded slings. J Urol. 2006 Dec;176(6 Pt 1):2749. Partial retraction of: Starkman JS, Wolter C, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. J Urol. 2006 Sep;176(3):1040-4.

Article retracted

Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. Safety and tolerability of a rapidly escalating dose-loading regimen for risperidone. J Clin Psychiatry. 2000;61(12):909-11. Retraction in: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. J Clin Psychiatry. 2002;63(2):169.

Article partially retracted:

Starkman JS, Wolter C, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. Voiding dysfunction following removal of eroded synthetic mid urethral slings. J Urol. 2006 Sep;176(3):1040-4. Partial retraction in: Starkman JS, Wolder CE, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. J Urol. 2006 Dec;176(6 Pt 1):2749.

Article republished with corrections

Mansharamani M, Chilton BS. The reproductive importance of P-type ATPases. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2002;188(1-2):22-5. Corrected and republished from: Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2001;183(1-2):123-6.

Article with published erratum

Malinowski JM, Bolesta S. Rosiglitazone in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a critical review. Clin Ther. 2000;22(10):1151-68; discussion 1149-50. Erratum in: Clin Ther. 2001;23(2):309.

Article published electronically ahead of the print version

Yu WM, Hawley TS, Hawley RG, Qu CK. Immortalization of yolk sac-derived precursor cells. Blood. 2002 Nov 15;100(10):3828-31. Epub 2002 Jul 5.

Other important consideration for manuscript preparation

Grammar and spell check

All the references mentioned should be cited in the body/text

Permission has to be obtained for use of copyrighted material.

Suggest reviewers: contact details like professional mail id, phone number of the referred reviewer should be provided.

Information for Authors

Article Processing Charges:

Articles published in this journal are open access and made available freely immediately after publication. Therefore, to cover the charges of publishing services like article production, hosting, indexing, customer service are covered by Article processing charges. APC is payable by author, funder, institution, organization or employer only when the manuscript is accepted by the editor.

As every stage of article processing involves the cost i.e administering the reviewers to hosting the article; authors are asked to pay these charges.

Article processing charge for this journal is 575GBP. There is no submission charges, so the ability to pay do not affect the editorial decisions.These APC will be under review regularly and are subjected to change. This depends on many factors like Journal quality, the Journal’s editorial and technical process, market conditions, resource.

In case of retraction or author error or misconduct APC will not be refunded.

An author can withdraw the article within 7 days from the date of submission without any cost. Author will be charged with 20% of APC as withdrawal charges afterwards.

Trends in Case Reports provides two type of membership.

Deposit Membership: This works well for the institutions who want to support their researchers. There is a minimum deposit of 1575GBP for this membership. The details of the articles published and the amount utilized will be informed on regular basis for further restoration of funds.

Annual Membership:

This works well with the researchers for publishing their articles in a span of 1 year. The membership fee depends on institution, publishing history. Email: for information.


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